Greek Figures in Literature & Mythical Allusions

Greek Figures in Literature & Mythical Allusions

Greek Figures in Literature

(Guirand, Felix, ed. (16 December 1987). New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology. Crescent Books.)

The Immortals

Apollo:God of light, music, arts, knowledge, healing, plague and darkness, prophecy, poetry, purity, athletism, manly beauty, and enlightenment. He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. As brother and sister, they were identified with the sun and moon; both use a bow and arrow. In the earliest myths, Apollo contends with his half-brother Hermes. In sculpture, Apollo was depicted as a very handsome, beardless young man with long hair and an ideal physique. As the embodiment of perfectionism, he could be cruel and destructive, and his love affairs were rarely happy. His attributes include the laurel wreath and lyre. He often appears in the company of the Muses. Animals sacred to Apollo include roe deer, swans, cicadas, hawks, ravens, crows, foxes, mice, and snakes.

Ares: God of war, bloodshed, and violence. The son of Zeus and Hera, he was depicted as a beardless youth, either nude with a helmet and spear or sword, or as an armed warrior. Homer portrays him as moody and unreliable, and he generally represents the chaos of war in contrast to Athena, a goddess of military strategy and skill. Ares’ sacred animals are the vulture, venomous snakes, dogs, and boars. His Roman counterpart Mars by contrast was regarded as the dignified ancestor of the Roman people.

Artemis: Virgin goddess of the hunt, wilderness, animals, young girls, childbirth and plague. In later times she became associated with the moon. She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and twin sister of Apollo. In art she was often depicted as a young woman dressed in a short knee-length chiton and equipped with a hunting bow and a quiver of arrows. Her attributes include hunting spears, animal pelts, deer and other wild animals. Her sacred animals are deer, bears, and wild boars. Diana was her Roman counterpart.

Athena: Goddess of intelligence and skill, warfare, battle strategy, handicrafts, and wisdom. According to most traditions, she was born from Zeus’s head fully formed and armored. She was depicted crowned with a crested helm, armed with shield and a spear, and wearing the aegis over a long dress. Poets describe her as "grey-eyed" or having especially bright, keen eyes. She was a special patron of heroes such as Odysseus. She was also the patron of the city Athens (which was named after her) Her symbol is the olive tree. She is commonly shown accompanied by her sacred animal, the owl. The Romans identified her with Minerva.

Demeter: Goddess of grain, agriculture and the harvest, growth and nourishment. Demeter is a daughter of Cronus and Rhea and sister of Zeus, by whom she bore Persephone. She was one of the main deities of the Eleusinian Mysteries, in which her power over the life cycle of plants symbolized the passage of the human soul through its life course and into the afterlife. She was depicted as a mature woman, often crowned and holding sheafs of wheat and a torch. Her symbols are the cornucopia, wheat-ears, the winged serpent, and the lotus staff. Her sacred animals are pigs and snakes. Ceres was her Roman counterpart.

Dionysus: God of wine, parties and festivals, madness, chaos, drunkenness, drugs, and ecstasy. He was depicted in art as either an older bearded god or a pretty effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes include the thyrsus (a pinecone-tipped staff), drinking cup, grape vine, and a crown of ivy. He is often in the company of his thiasos, a posse of attendants including satyrs, maenads, and his old tutor Silenus. The consort of Dionysus was Ariadne. Animals sacred to him include dolphins, serpents, tigers, and donkeys. A later addition to the Olympians, in some accounts he replaced Hestia. Bacchus was another name for him in Greek, and came into common usage among the Romans.

Hades: King of the underworld and the dead, and god of the earth’s hidden wealth, both agricultural produce and precious metals. His consort is Persephone. His attributes are the drinking horn or cornucopia, key, sceptre, and the three-headed dog Cerberus. The screech owl was sacred to him. He was one of three sons of Cronus and Rhea, and thus sovereign over one of the three realms of the universe, the underworld. As a chthonic god, however, his place among the Olympians is ambiguous. In the mystery religions and Athenian literature, Pluto (Plouton, "the Rich") was his preferred name, with Hades more common for the underworld as a place. The Romans translated Plouton as Dis Pater ("the Rich Father") or Pluto.

Hephaestus: Crippled god of fire, metalworking, and crafts. The son of Hera by parthenogenesis, he is the smith of the gods and the husband of the adulterous Aphrodite. He was usually depicted as a bearded man with hammer, tongs and anvil—the tools of a smith—and sometimes riding a donkey. His sacred animals are the donkey, the guard dog and the crane. Among his creations was the armor of Achilles.

Hephaestus used the fire of the forge as a creative force, but his Roman counterpart Volcanus (Vulcan) was feared for his destructive potential and associated with the volcanic power of the earth.

Hera: Queen of the heavens and goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings, and empires. She is the wife of Zeus and daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was usually depicted as a regal woman in the prime of her life, wearing a diadem and veil and holding a lotus-tipped staff. Although she was the goddess of marriage, Zeus’s many infidelities drive her to jealousy and vengefulness. Her sacred animals are the heifer, the peacock, and the cuckoo. At Rome she was known as Juno.

Hermes: God of boundaries, travel, communication, trade, thievery, trickery, language, writing, diplomacy, athletics, and animal husbandry. The son of Zeus and Maia, Hermes is the messenger of the gods, and a psychopomp who leads the souls of the dead into the afterlife. He was depicted either as a handsome and athletic beardless youth, or as an older bearded man. His attributes include the herald’s wand or caduceus, winged sandals, and a traveler’s cap. His sacred animals are the tortoise, the ram, and the hawk. The Roman Mercury was more closely identified with trade and commerce.

Hestia: Virgin goddess of the hearth, home and chastity. She is a daughter of Rhea and Cronus and sister of Zeus. Not often identifiable in Greek art, she appeared as a modestly veiled woman. Her symbols are the hearth and kettle. In some accounts, she gave up her seat as one of the Twelve Olympians in favor of Dionysus, and she plays little role in Greek myths. Her counterpart Vesta, however, was a major deity of the Roman state.

Poseidon: God of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, earthquakes, and the creator of horses; known as the "Earth Shaker". He is a son of Cronus and Rhea and brother to Zeus and Hades. He rules one of the three realms of the universe as king of the sea and the waters. In classical artwork, he was depicted as a mature man of sturdy build with an often luxuriant beard, and holding a trident. The horse and the dolphin are sacred to him. His wedding with Amphitrite is often presented as a triumphal procession. His Roman counterpart was Neptune.

Zeus: King of the gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and fate. He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea. He overthrew Cronus and gained the sovereignty of heaven for himself. In artwork, he was depicted as a regal, mature man with a sturdy figure and dark beard. His usual attributes are the royal scepter and the lightning bolt, and his sacred animals are the eagle and the bull. His counterpart Jupiter, also known as Jove, was the supreme deity of the Romans.

Primordial Deities

  • Ananke, the goddess of inevitability, compulsion, and necessity.
  • Chaos, the nothingness from which all else sprang. Described as a void.
  • Chronos, the god of time. Not to be confused with the Titan Cronus, the father of Zeus.
  • Erebos, the god of darkness and shadow.
  • Eros, the god of love and attraction.
  • Gaea, personification of the Earth (Mother Earth); mother of the Titans.
  • Hemera, goddess of daylight.
  • Hypnos, god of sleep
  • Nesoi, goddesses of the islands and sea.
  • Nyx, god of night
  • Uranus, god of the heavens (Father Sky); father of the Titans.
  • Ourea, god of the mountains
  • Phanes, god of procreation
  • Pontus, god of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures.
  • Tartarus, god of the deepest, darkest part of the underworld, the Tartarean pit (which is also referred to as Tartarus itself).
  • Thalassa, spirit of the sea and consort of Pontos.
  • Thanatos, god of death

The Twelve Titans

  • Hyperion, Titan of light. With Theia, he is the father of Helios (the sun), Selene (the moon), and Eos (the dawn).
  • Iapetus, Titan of mortality and father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menoetius, and Atlas.
  • Coeus, Titan of intellect and the axis of heaven around which the constellations revolved.
  • Crius, The least individualized of the Twelve Titans, he is the father of Astraeus, Pallas, and Perses.
  • Cronus, The leader of the Titans, who overthrew his father Uranus only to be overthrown in turn by his son, Zeus.
  • Mnemosyne, Titan of memory and remembrance, and mother of the Nine Muses.
  • Oceanus, Titan of the all-encircling river Oceans around the earth, the font of all the Earth’s fresh-water.
  • Phoebe, Titan of the "bright" intellect and prophecy, and consort of Koios.
  • Rhea, Titan of female fertility, motherhood, and generation. She is the sister and consort of Cronus, and mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia.
  • Tethys, Wife of Oceanus, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains, and clouds.
  • Theia, Titan of sight and the shining light of the clear blue sky. She is the consort of Hyperion, and mother of Helios, Selene, and Eos.
  • Themis, Titan of divine law and order.

Additional Titans

  • Asteria, Titan of nocturnal oracles and falling stars.
  • Astraeus, Titan of dusk, stars, and planets, and the art of astrology.
  • Atlas, Titan forced to carry the sky upon his shoulders by Zeus. Also Son of Iapetus.
  • Aura, Titan of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning.
  • Dione, Titan of the oracle of Dodona.
  • Eos, Titan of the dawn.
  • Epimetheus, Titan of afterthought and the father of excuses.
  • Eurybia, Titan of the mastery of the seas and consort of Krios.
  • Eurynome, Titan of water-meadows and pasturelands, and mother of the three Charites by Zeus.
  • Helios, Titan of the sun and guardian of oaths.
  • Clymene, Titan of renown, fame, and infamy, and wife of Iapetos.
  • Lelantos, Titan of air and the hunter’s skill of stalking prey. He is the male counterpart of Leto.
  • Leto, Titan of motherhood and mother of the twin Olympians, Artemis and Apollo.
  • Menoetius, Titan of violent anger, rash action, and human mortality. Killed by Zeus.
  • Metis, Titan of good counsel, advice, planning, cunning, craftiness, and wisdom. Mother of Athena.
  • Ophion, An elder Titan, in some versions of the myth he ruled the Earth with his consort Eurynome before Cronus overthrew him. Another account describes him as a snake, born from the "World Egg"
  • Pallas, Titan of warcraft. He was killed by Athena during the Titanomachy.
  • Perses, Titan of destruction and peace.
  • Prometheus, Titan of forethought and crafty counsel, and creator of mankind.
  • Selene, Titan of the moon.
  • Styx, Titan of the Underworld river Styx and personification of hatred.

Gigantes (giants)

  • The Hekatonkheires, the Hundred-Handed Ones, giant gods of violent storms and hurricanes. Three sons of Uranus and Gaea, each with their own distinct characters—Briareus (The Vigorous), Cottus (The Furious), Gyges (The Big-Limbed).
  • Agrius, a man-eating Thracian giant who was half-man and half-bear
  • Alcyoneus, the eldest of the Thracian giants, who was slain by Heracles
  • Aloadae, twin giants (Otos and Ephialtes) who attempted to storm heaven, in some accounts, using a hill piled up with stone.
  • Antaeus, a Libyan giant who wrestled all visitors to the death until he was slain by Heracles
  • Argus Panoptes, a hundred-eyed giant tasked with guarding over Io
  • Cyclopes (Elder), three one-eyed giants (Arges, Brontes, Steropes) who forged the lightning-bolts of Zeus, Trident of Poseidon and Helmet of Hades
  • Cyclopes (Younger), a tribe of one-eyed, man-eating giants who herded flocks of sheep on the island of Sicily. Polyphemus is the cyclop who captured Odysseus and his men, only to be overcome and blinded by the hero
  • Enceladus, one of the Thracian giants who made war on the gods
  • The Gegenees, a tribe of six-armed giants fought by the Argonauts on Bear Mountain in Mysia
  • Geryon, a three-bodied, four-winged giant who dwelt on the red island of Erytheia
  • The Laestrygonians, a tribe of man-eating giants encountered by Odysseus on his travels
  • Orion, a giant huntsman whom Zeus placed among the stars as the constellation of Orion
  • Porphyrion, the king of the Thracian Gigantes who was struck down by Heracles and Zeus with arrows and lightning-bolts after he attempted to rape Hera
  • Talos, a giant forged from bronze by Hephaestus, and gifted by Zeus to his lover Europa as her personal protector
  • Tityos, a giant slain by Apollo and Artemis when he attempted to violate their mother Leto.
  • Typhon, a monstrous immortal storm-giant who attempted to launch an attack on Mt. Olympus but was defeated by the Olympians and imprisoned in the pits of Tartarus

Personified Concepts

  • Achlys, spirit of the death-mist, personification of sadness and misery
  • Adephagia, spirit of satiety and gluttony
  • Adikia, spirit of injustice and wrongdoing
  • Aergia, spirit of idleness, laziness, indolence and sloth
  • Agon, spirit of contest, who possessed an altar at Olympia, site of the Olympic Games.
  • Aidos, spirit of modesty, reverence and respect
  • Aisa, personification of lot and fate
  • Alala, spirit of the war cry
  • Alastor, spirit of blood feuds and vengeance
  • Aletheia, spirit of truth, truthfulness and sincerity
  • The Algea, spirits of pain and suffering (Achos "trouble, distress"; Ania "ache, anguish"; Lupe "pain, grief, sadness")
  • Alke, spirit of prowess and courage
  • Amechania, spirit of helplessness and want of means
  • The Amphilogiai, spirits of disputes, debate, and contention
  • Anaideia, spirit of ruthlessness, shamelessness, and unforgivingness
  • The Androktasiai, spirits of battlefield slaughter
  • Angelia, spirit of messages, tidings and proclamations
  • Apate, spirit of deceit, guile, fraud and deception
  • Apheleia, spirit of simplicity
  • Aporia, spirit of difficulty, perplexity, powerlessness, and want of means
  • The Arae, spirits of curses
  • Arete, spirit of virtue, excellence, goodness, and valor
  • Atë, spirit of delusion, infatuation, blind folly, recklessness, and ruin
  • Bia, spirit of force, power, bodily strength, and compulsion
  • Caerus, spirit of opportunity
  • Corus, spirit of surfeit
  • Deimos, spirit of fear, dread, and terror
  • Dikaiosyne, spirit of justice and righteousness
  • Dike, spirit of justice, fair judgment, and the rights established by custom and law
  • Dolos, spirit of trickery, cunning deception, craftiness, treachery, and guile
  • Dysnomia, spirit of lawlessness and poor civil constitution
  • Dyssebeia, spirit of impiety
  • Eirene, goddess of peace
  • Ekecheiria, spirit of truce, armistice, and the cessation of all hostilities; honored at the Olympic Games
  • Eleos, spirit of mercy, pity, and compassion
  • Elpis, spirit of hope and expectation
  • Epiphron, spirit of prudence, shrewdness, thoughtfulness, carefulness, and sagacity
  • Eris, spirit of strife, discord, contention, and rivalry
  • Erotes (Anteros, god of requited love; Eros, god of love and sexual intercourse; Hedylogos, god of sweet talk and flattery; Himeros, god of sexual desire; Pothos, god of sexual longing, yearning, and desire)
  • Eucleia, spirit of good repute and glory
  • Eulabeia, spirit of discretion, caution, and circumspection
  • Eunomia, goddess of good order and lawful conduct
  • Eupheme, spirit of words of good omen, acclamation, praise, applause, and shouts of triumph
  • Eupraxia, spirit of well-being
  • Eusebeia, spirit of piety, loyalty, duty, and filial respect
  • Euthenia, spirit of prosperity, abundance, and plenty
  • Gelos, spirit of laughter
  • Geras, spirit of old age
  • Harmonia, goddess of harmony and concord
  • Hebe, goddess of youth
  • Hedone, spirit of pleasure, enjoyment, and delight
  • Heimarmene, personification of share destined by fate
  • Homados, spirit of the din of battle
  • Homonoia, spirit of concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind
  • Horkos, spirit of oaths
  • Horme, spirit of impulse or effort, eagerness, setting oneself in motion, and starting an action
  • Hybris, spirit of outrageous behaviour
  • Hypnos, god of sleep
  • The Hysminai, spirits of fighting and combat
  • Ioke, spirit of pursuit in battle
  • Kakia, spirit of vice and moral badness
  • Kalokagathia, spirit of nobility
  • The Keres, spirit of violent or cruel death
  • Koalemos, spirit of stupidity and foolishness
  • Kratos, spirit of strength, might, power, and sovereign rule
  • Kydoimos, spirit of the din of battle, confusion, uproar, and hubbub
  • Lethe, spirit of forgetfulness and oblivion, and of the river of the same name
  • Limos, spirit of hunger and starvation
  • The Litae, spirits of prayer
  • Lyssa, spirit of rage, fury and rabies in animals
  • The Machai, spirits of fighting and combat
  • Mania, spirit or spirits of madness, insanity, and frenzy
  • The Moirai, or "Fates" (Clotho, the spinner of the life thread; Lachesis, the measurer of the life thread; Atropos, the severer of the life thread)
  • Momus, spirit of mockery, blame, censure and stinging criticism
  • Moros, spirit of doom
  • The Neikea, spirits of quarrels, feuds and grievances
  • Nemesis, goddess of revenge, balance, righteous indignation, and retribution
  • Nike, goddess of victory
  • Nomos, spirit of law
  • Oizys, spirit of woe and misery
  • The Oneiroi, spirits of dreams (Epiales, spirit of nightmares; Morpheus, god of dreams, who takes shape of humans; Phantasos spirit of dreams of fantasy, who takes shape of inanimate objects; Phobetor or Icelos, spirit of nightmares, who takes shape of animals)
  • Palioxis, spirit of backrush, flight and retreat from battle
  • Peitharchia, spirit of obedience
  • Peitho, spirit of persuasion and seduction
  • Penia, spirit of poverty and need
  • Penthus, spirit of grief, mourning, and lamentation
  • Pepromene, personification of the destined share, similar to Heimarmene
  • Pheme, spirit of rumour, report, and gossip
  • Philophrosyne, spirit of friendliness, kindness, and welcome
  • Philotes, spirit of friendship, affection, and sexual intercourse
  • Phobos, spirit of panic fear, flight, and battlefield rout
  • The Phonoi, spirits of murder, killing, and slaughter
  • Phrike, spirit of horror and trembling fear
  • Phthonus, spirit of envy and jealousy
  • Pistis, spirit of trust, honesty, and good faith
  • Poine, spirit of retribution, vengeance, recompense, punishment, and penalty for the crime of murder and manslaughter
  • Polemos, personification of war
  • Ponos, spirit of hard labor and toil
  • Poros, spirit of expediency, the means of accomplishing or providing, contrivance and device
  • Praxidike, spirit of exacting justice
  • Proioxis, spirit of onrush and battlefield pursuit
  • Prophasis, spirit of excuses and pleas
  • The Pseudologoi, spirits of lies
  • Ptocheia, spirit of beggary
  • Soter, male spirit of safety, preservation, and deliverance from harm
  • Soteria, female personification of safety, preservation, and deliverance from harm
  • Sophrosyne, spirit of moderation, self-control, temperance, restraint, and discretion
  • Techne, personification of art and skill
  • Thanatos, spirit of death and mortality
  • Thrasos, spirit of boldness
  • Tyche, goddess of fortune, chance, providence, and fate
  • Zelos, spirit of eager rivalry, emulation, envy, jealousy, and zeal

Chthonic Deities

  • Amphiaraus, a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebe who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
  • Angelos, a daughter of Zeus and Hera who became an underworld goddess
  • Askalaphos, the son of Acheron and Orphne who tended the Underworld orchards before being transformed into a screech owl by Demeter
  • Cerberus, the three-headed hound who guarded the gates of Hades
  • Charon, ferryman of Hades
  • Empusa, a monstrous underworld spirit or spirits with flaming hair, the leg of a goat and a leg of bronze. They are also servants of Hecate.
  • Erebos, the primeval god of darkness, his mists encircled the underworld and filled the hollows of the earth
  • The Erinyes, the Furies, goddesses of retribution, known as "The Kindly Ones" (Alecto, the unceasing one; Tisiphone, avenger of murder; Megaera, the jealous one)
  • Hecate, goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts, and necromancy
  • Judges of the Dead (Aiakos, former mortal king of Aegina, guardian of the keys of Hades and judge of the men of Europe; Minos, former mortal king of Crete and judge of the final vote; Rhadamanthys, former mortal lawmaker and judge of the men of Asia)
  • Keuthonymos, an Underworld spirit and father of Menoetes
  • Cronus, deposed king of the Titans; after his release from Tartarus he was appointed king of the Island of the Blessed
  • Lamia, a vampiric Underworld spirit or spirits in the train of Hecate
  • Lampades, torch-bearing Underworld nymphs (Gorgyra; Orphne, a Lampad nymph of Hades, mother of Askalaphos)
  • Macaria, daughter of Hades and goddess of blessed death
  • Melinoe, daughter of Persephone and Zeus who presided over the propitiations offered to the ghosts of the dead
  • Menoetes, an Underworld spirit who herded the cattle of Hades
  • Mormo, a fearsome Underworld spirit or spirits in the train of Hecate
  • Nyx, the primeval goddess of night
  • Persephone, queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
  • Rivers of the Underworld (Acheron, the river of pain; Kokytos, the river of wailing; Lethe, the river of forgetfulness; Phlegethon, the river of fire; Styx, the river of oaths)
  • Tartarus, the primeval god of the dark, stormy pit of Hades
  • Thanatos, spirit of death and minister of Hades

Sea Deities

  • Aegaeon, god of violent sea storms and ally of the Titans
  • Achelous, shark-shaped sea spirit
  • Amphitrite, sea goddess and consort of Poseidon
  • Benthesikyme, daughter of Poseidon, who resided in Ethiopia
  • Brizo, patron goddess of sailors, who sent prophetic dreams
  • Ceto, goddess of the dangers of the ocean and of sea monsters
  • Charybdis, a sea monster and spirit of whirlpools and the tide
  • Cymopoleia, a daughter of Poseidon married to the Giant Briareus
  • Delphin, the leader of the dolphins, Poseidon placed him in the sky as the constellation Delphin
  • Eidothea, prophetic sea nymph and daughter of Proteus
  • Glaucus, the fisherman’s sea god
  • Gorgons, three monstrous sea spirits (Stheno; Euryale; Medusa, the only mortal of the three)
  • The Graeae, three ancient sea spirits who personified the white foam of the sea; they shared one eye and one tooth between them (Deino, Enyo, Pemphredo)
  • The Harpies, winged spirits of sudden, sharp gusts of wind (Aello, Ocypete, Podarge, Celaeno, Nicothoe)
  • Hippocampi, horses of the sea that have the upper-body of a horse and the lower-body of a fish
  • Hydros, primordial god of waters
  • The Ichthyocentaurs, a pair of centaurine sea-gods with the upper bodies of men, the lower fore-parts of horses, ending in the serpentine tails of fish (Bythos "sea depth"; Aphros "sea foam")
  • Karkinos, a giant crab who allied itself with the Hydra against Heracles. When it died, Hera placed it in the sky as the constellation Cancer.
  • Ladon, a hundred-headed sea serpent who guarded the western reaches of the sea, and the island and golden apples of the Hesperides
  • Leucothea, a sea goddess who aided sailors in distress
  • Nereides, sea nymphs (Thetis, leader of the Nereids who presided over the spawning of marine life in the sea; Arethusa, a daughter of Nereus who was transformed into a fountain; Galene, goddess of calm seas; Psamathe, goddess of sand beaches)
  • Nereus, the old man of the sea, and the god of the sea’s rich bounty of fish
  • Nerites, a sea spirit who was transformed into a shell-fish by Aphrodite
  • Oceanus, Titan god of the Earth-encircling river Oceanus, the font of all the Earth’s fresh-water
  • Palaemon, a young sea god who aided sailors in distress
  • Phorcys, god of the hidden dangers of the deep
  • Pontos, primeval god of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures
  • Poseidon, king of the sea and lord of the sea gods; also god of rivers, flood and drought, earthquakes, and horses
  • Proteus, a shape-shifting, prophetic old sea god, and the herdsman of Poseidon’s seals
  • Scylla, monstrous sea goddess
  • The Sirens, sea nymphs who lured sailors to their death with their song (Aglaope, Himerope, Leucosia, Ligeia, Molpe, Parthenope, Peisinoe or Peisithoe, Raidne, Teles, Thelchtereia, Thelxiope)
  • The Telchines, sea spirits native to the island of Rhodes; the gods killed them when they turned to evil magic (Actaeus, Argyron, Atabyrius, Chalcon, Chryson, Damon or Demonax, Damnameneus, Dexithea, mother of Euxanthios by Minos, Lycos, Makelo, Megalesius, Mylas, Nikon, Ormenos, Simon, Skelmis)
  • Tethys, wife of Oceanus, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains, and clouds
  • Thalassa, primeval spirit of the sea and consort of Pontos
  • Thaumas, god of the wonders of the sea
  • Thoosa, goddess of swift currents
  • Triteia, daughter of Triton and companion of Ares
  • Triton, fish-tailed son and herald of Poseidon
  • Tritones, fish-tailed spirits in Poseidon’s retinue

Sky Deities

  • Achelois, "she who washes pain away", a minor moon goddess
  • Aeolus, god of the winds.
  • Aether, primeval god of the upper air
  • Alectrona, solar goddess of the morning or waking up
  • Anemoi, gods of the winds (Boreas, god of the north wind and of winter; Eurus, god of the unlucky east or southeast wind; Notus god of the south wind; Zephyrus, god of the west wind; Aparctias, another name for the north wind; Apheliotes, god of the east wind; Argestes, another name for the west or northwest wind; Caicias, god of the northeast wind; Circios or Thraskias, god of the north-northwest wind; Euronotus, god of the southeast wind; Lips, god of the southwest wind; Skeiron, god of the northwest wind)
  • Apollo, Olympian God of light, knowledge, music, healing, the sun, and the arts
  • Arke, messenger of the Titans and twin sister of Iris
  • Astraios, Titan god of stars and planets, and the art of astrology
  • The Astra Planeti, gods of the five wandering stars or planets (Stilbon, god of Hermaon, the planet Mercury; Eosphorus, god of Venus the morning star; Hesperus, god of Venus the evening star; Pyroeis, god of Areios, the planet Mars; Phaethon, god of Dios, the planet Jupiter; Phaenon, god of Kronion, the planet Saturn)
  • Aurai, nymphs of the cooling breeze (Aura, goddess of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning)
  • Chaos, the nothingness from which all else sprang, she also represented the lower atmosphere which surrounded the earth
  • Chione, goddess of snow and daughter of Boreas
  • Helios, Titan god of the sun and guardian of oaths
  • Selene, Titan goddess of the moon
  • Eos, Titan goddess of the dawn
  • Hemera, primeval goddess of daylight and the sun
  • Hera, Queen of Heaven and goddess of the air and starry constellations
  • Herse, goddess of the morning dew
  • The Hesperides
  • The Hades, nymphs that represented a star cluster in the constellation Taurus and were associated with rain
  • Iris, goddess of the rainbow and divine messenger
  • Nephelai, cloud nymphs
  • Ouranos, primeval god of the heavens
  • Pandia, daughter of Selene and Zeus
  • The Pleiades, goddesses of the constellation Pleiades (Alcyone, Sterope, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Taygete)
  • Zeus, King of Heaven and god of the sky, clouds, rain, thunder, and lightning

Rustic Deities

  • Aetna, goddess of the volcanic Mount Etna in Sicily
  • Amphictyonis, goddess of wine and friendship between nations, a local form of Demeter
  • Anthousai, flower nymphs
  • Aristaeus, god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing, and hunting
  • Attis, vegetation god and consort of Cybele
  • Britomartis, Cretan goddess of hunting and nets used for fishing, fowling and the hunting of small game
  • Cabeiri, gods or spirits who presided over the Mysteries of the islands of Lemnos and Samothrace (Aitnaios, Alkon, Eurymedon, Onnes, Tonnes)
  • Centaurs, a race of half-man, half-horse beings (Asbolus; Chariclo, wife of the centaur Chiro; Chiron, the eldest and wisest of the Centaurs; Eurytion; Nessus, a ferryman at the river Euenus; Pholus)
  • The Cercopes, a pair of monkey-like thieves who plagued the land of Lydia in western Anatolia (Akmon, Passalos)
  • Chloris, goddess of flowers and wife of Zephyrus
  • Comus, god of revelry, merrymaking, and festivity
  • Corymbus, god of the fruit of the ivy
  • The Curetes, guardians of infant Zeus on Mount Ida, barely distinguished from the Dactyls and the Corybantes
  • Cybele, a Phrygian mountain goddess associated with Rhea
  • The Dactyls "fingers", minor deities originally representing fingers of a hand [Acmon, Damnameneus, Delas, Epimedes, Heracles, Iasios, Kelmis, Skythes, companions of Cybele (Titias, Cyllenus)]
  • Dionysus, god of wine, drunken orgies, and wild vegetation
  • Dryades, tree and forest nymphs
  • Gaia, primeval goddess of the earth
  • Epimeliades, nymphs of highland pastures and protectors of sheep flocks
  • Hamadryades, oak tree dryades
  • Hecaterus, minor god of the hekateris—a rustic dance of quickly moving hands—and perhaps of the skill of hands in general
  • Hephaestus, god of metalworking
  • Hermes, god of herds and flocks, of roads and boundary stones
  • The Horae, The Hours
    • The goddesses of natural order
      • Eunomia, spirit of good order, and springtime goddess of green pastures
      • Dike, spirit of justice, may have represented springtime growth
      • Eirene, spirit of peace and goddess of the springtime
    • The goddesses of springtime growth
      • Thallo, goddess of spring buds and shoots, identified with Eirene
      • Auxo, goddess of spring growth
      • Karpo, goddess of the fruits of the earth
    • The goddesses of welfare
      • Pherousa "the bringer"
      • Euporie "abundance"
      • Orthosie "prosperity"
    • The goddesses of the natural portions of time and the times of day
      • Auge, first light of the morning
      • Anatole or Anatolia, sunrise
      • Mousika or Musica, the morning hour of music and study
      • Gymnastika, Gymnastica or Gymnasia, the morning hour of gymnastics/exercise
      • Nymphe, the morning hour of ablutions
      • Mesembria, noon
      • Sponde, libations poured after lunch
      • Elete, prayer, the first of the afternoon work hours
      • Akte, Acte or Cypris, eating and pleasure, the second of the afternoon work hours
      • Hesperis, evening
      • Dysis, sunset
      • Arktos, night sky, constellation
    • The goddesses of seasons of the year
      • Eiar, spring
      • Theros, summer
      • Pthinoporon, autumn
      • Cheimon, winter
  • Korybantes, the crested dancers who worshipped Cybele (Damneus "the one who tames"; Idaios "of Mount Ida"; Kyrbas, whose name is probably a variant of Korybas, singular for "Korybantes"; Okythoos "the one running swiftly"; Prymneus "of lower areas"; Pyrrhichos, god of the rustic dance)
  • Maenades, crazed nymphs in the retinue of Dionysus
  • Methe, nymph of drunkenness
  • Meliae, nymphs of honey and the ash tree
  • Naiades, fresh water nymphs (Daphne, Metope, Minthe)
  • The Nymphai Hyperboreioi, who presided over aspects of archery (Hekaerge, represented distancing; Loxo, represented trajectory; Oupis, represented aim)
  • Oreades, mountain nymphs (Adrasteia, a nursemaid of the infant Zeus; Echo, a nymph cursed never to speak except to repeat the words of others)
  • Oceanides, fresh water nymphs (Beroe, a nymph of Beirut, the daughter of Aphrodite and Adonis, who was wooed by both Dionysus and Poseidon; Calypso; Clytie; Eidyia, the youngest of the Oceanides; for the complete list, see List of Oceanids
  • The Ourea, primeval gods of mountains
  • The Palici, a pair of rustic gods who presided over the geysers and thermal springs in Sicily
  • Pan, god of shepherds, pastures, and fertility
  • Potamoi, river gods (Achelous, Acis, Acheron, Alpheus, Asopus, Cladeus, Eurotas, Cocytus, Lethe, Peneus, Phlegethon, Styx, Scamander)
  • Priapus, god of garden fertility
  • Rhea, the great mother and queen of the mountain wilds
  • Satyrs, rustic fertility spirits (Krotos, a great hunter and musician who kept the company of the Muses on Mount Helicon)
  • Silenus, an old rustic god of the dance of the wine-press
  • Telete, goddess of initiation into the Bacchic orgies
  • Zagreus, in the Orphic mysteries, the first incarnation of Dionysus

Agricultural Deities

  • Adonis, a life-death-rebirth deity
  • Aphaea, minor goddess of agriculture and fertility
  • Carme, a Cretan spirit who presided over the harvest festival
  • Carmanor, a Cretan harvest god
  • Chrysothemis, goddess of the "Golden Custom", a harvest festival, daughter of Demeter and Carmanor
  • Cyamites, demi-god of the bean
  • Demeter, goddess of fertility, agriculture, grain, and harvest
  • Despoina, daughter of Poseidon and Demeter, goddess of mysteries in Arcadia
  • Dionysus, god of viticulture and wine
  • Eunostus, goddess of the flour mill
  • Hestia, maiden goddess of the hearth who presided over the baking of bread, mankind’s stable food
  • Persephone, queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
  • Philomelus, agricultural demi-god inventor of the wagon and the plough
  • Plutus, god of wealth, including agricultural wealth, son of Demeter

Deified Mortals

  • Achilles, hero of the Trojan War
  • Aiakos, a king of Aegina, appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld after his death
  • Aeolus, a king of Thessaly, made the immortal king of the winds by Zeus
  • Amphiaraus, a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebe who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
  • Ariadne, a Cretan princess who became the immortal wife of Dionysus
  • Aristaeus, a Thessalian hero, his inventions saw him immortalised as the god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing, and hunting
  • Asclepius, a Thessalian physician who was struck down by Zeus, to be later recovered by his father Apollo
  • Attis, a consort of Cybele, granted immortality as one of her attendants
  • Bolina, a mortal woman transformed into an immortal nymph by Apollo
  • The Dioscuri, divine twins (Castor, Pollux)
  • Endymion, lover of Selene, granted eternal sleep so as never to age or die
  • Ganymede, a handsome Trojan prince, abducted by Zeus and made cup-bearer of the gods
  • Glaucus, the fisherman’s sea god, made immortal after eating a magical herb
  • Hemithea and Parthenos, princesses of the Island of Naxos who leapt into the sea to escape their father’s wrath; Apollo transformed them into demi-goddesses
  • Heracles, ascended hero
  • Lampsace, a semi-historical Bebrycian princess honored as goddess for her assistance to the Greeks
  • Minos, a king of Crete, appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld after his death
  • Ino, a Theban princess who became the sea goddess Leucothea
  • The Leucippides, wives of the Dioscuri (Phoebe, wife of Pollux; Hilaeira, wife of Castor)
  • Orithyia, an Athenian princess abducted by Boreas and made the goddess of cold, gusty mountain winds
  • Palaemon, a Theban prince, made into a sea god along with his mother, Ino
  • Phylonoe, daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, made immortal by Artemis
  • Psyche, goddess of the soul

Health Deities

  • Apollo, god of healing and medicine
  • Asclepius, god of healing (Aceso, goddess of the healing of wounds and the curing of illnesses; Aegle, goddess of radiant good health; Epione, goddess of the soothing of pain; Hygieia, goddess of cleanliness and good health; Iaso, goddess of cures, remedies, and modes of healing; Panacea, goddess of healing;  Telesphorus, demi-god of convalescence, who "brought to fulfillment" recuperation from illness or injury)

Additional Deities

  • Acratopotes, god of unmixed wine
  • Adrastea, a daughter of Ares and Aphrodite, or an epithet of Nemesis
  • Agdistis, Phrygian hermaphroditic deity
  • Alexiares and Anicetus, twin sons of Heracles who presided over the defence of fortified towns and citadels
  • Aphroditus, Cyprian hermaphroditic Aphrodite
  • Astraea, virgin goddess of justice
  • Auxesia and Damia, two local fertility goddesses
  • Charites, goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, and fertility
  • Aglaea, goddess of beauty, adornment, splendor and glory
  • Euphrosyne, goddess of good cheer, joy, mirth, and merriment
  • Thalia, goddess of festive celebrations and rich and luxurious banquets
  • Hegemone "mastery"
  • Antheia, goddess of flowers and flowery wreaths
  • Pasithea, goddess of rest and relaxation
  • Cleta "the glorious"
  • Phaenna "the shining"
  • Eudaimonia "happiness"
  • Euthymia "good mood"
  • Calleis "beauty"
  • Paidia "play, amusement"
  • Pandaisia "banquet for everyone"
  • Pannychis "all-night "
  • Ceraon, demi-god of the meal, specifically the mixing of wine
  • Chrysus, spirit of gold
  • Circe, goddess-witch of Aeaea
  • Daemones Ceramici, five malevolent spirits who plagued the craftsman potter (Syntribos, the shatterer; Smaragos, the smasher; Asbetos, the charrer; Sabaktes, the destroyer; Omodamos, crudebake)
  • Deipneus, demi-god of the preparation of meals, specifically the making of bread
  • Eiresione, personification of the olive branch
  • Eileithyia, goddess of childbirth
  • Enyalius, minor god of war
  • Enyo, goddess of destructive war
  • Harpocrates, god of silence
  • Hermaphroditus, god of hermaphrodites and effeminate men
  • Hymenaios, god of marriage and marriage feasts
  • Ichnaea, goddess of tracking
  • Iynx, goddess of the love charm
  • Matton, demi-god of the meal, specifically the kneading of dough
  • Muses, goddesses of music, song and dance, and the source of inspiration to poets
    • Titan Muses, daughters of Gaia and Uranus
      • Aoide, muse of song
      • Arche, muse of origins
      • Melete, muse of meditation and practice
      • Mneme, muse of memory
      • Thelxinoe, muse "charmer of minds"
    • Olympian Muses, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
      • Calliope, muse of epic poetry
      • Clio, muse of history
      • Erato, muse of erotic poetry
      • Euterpe, muse of lyric poetry
      • Melpomene, muse of tragedy
      • Polyhymnia or, muse of sacred poetry
      • Terpsichore, muse of dance and choral poetry
      • Thalia, muse of comedy and bucolic poetry
      • Urania, muse of astronomy
    • Younger Muses, daughters of Apollo
      • Cephisso
      • Apollonis
      • Borysthenis
      • Hypate "the upper "
      • Mese "the middle "
      • Nete "the lower "
    • Polymatheia, muse of knowledge
  • Palaestra, goddess of wrestling
  • Rhapso, minor goddess or nymph whose name apparently refers to sewing

Mortals

  • Abderus, aided Heracles during his eighth labour and was killed by the Mares of Diomedes
  • Achilles, hero of the Trojan War and a central character in Homer’s Iliad
  • Aeneas, a hero of the Trojan War and progenitor of the Roman people
  • Ajax the Great, a hero of the Trojan War and king of Salamis
  • Ajax the Lesser, a hero of the Trojan War and leader of the Locrian army
  • Amphitryon, Theban general who rescued Thebes from the Teumessian fox; his wife was Alcmene, mother of Heracles
  • Bellerophon, hero who slew the Chimera
  • Castor, the mortal Dioscuri twin; after Castor’s death, his immortal brother Pollux shared his divinity with him in order that they might remain together
  • Chrysippus, a divine hero of Elis
  • Daedalus, creator of the labyrinth and great inventor, until King Minos trapped him in his own creation.
  • Diomedes, a king of Argos and hero of the Trojan War
  • Eleusis, eponymous hero of the town of Eleusis
  • Eunostus, a Boeotian hero
  • Ganymede, Trojan hero and lover of Zeus, who was given immortality and appointed cup-bearer to the gods
  • Hector, hero of the Trojan War and champion of the Trojan people
  • Iolaus, nephew of Heracles who aided his uncle in one of his Labors
  • Jason, leader of the Argonauts
  • Meleager, a hero who sailed with the Argonauts and killed the Calydonian Boar
  • Odysseus, a hero and king of Ithaca whose adventures are the subject of Homer’s Odyssey; he also played a key role during the Trojan War
  • Orpheus, a legendary musician and poet who attempted to retrieve his dead wife from the Underworld
  • Pandion, the eponymous hero of the Attic tribe Pandionis, usually assumed to be one of the legendary Athenian kings Pandion I or Pandion II.
  • Perseus, son of Zeus and the founder-king of Mycenae and slayer of the Gorgon Medusa
  • Theseus, son of Poseidon and a king of Athens and slayer of the Minotaur

Notable Women

  • Alcestis, daughter of Pelias and wife of Admetus, who was known for her devotion to her husband
  • Amymone, the one daughter of Danaus who refused to murder her husband, thus escaping her sisters’ punishment
  • Andromache, wife of Hector
  • Andromeda, wife of Perseus, who was placed among the constellations after her death
  • Antigone, daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta
  • Arachne, a skilled weaver, transformed by Athena into a spider for her blasphemy
  • Ariadne, daughter of Minos, king of Crete, who aided Theseus in overcoming the Minotaur and became the wife of Dionysus
  • Atalanta, fleet-footed heroine who participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt
  • Briseis, a princess of Lyrnessus, taken by Achilles as a war prize
  • Caeneus, formerly Caenis, a woman who was transformed into a man and became a mighty warrior
  • Cassandra, a princess of Troy cursed to see the future but never to be believed
  • Clytemnestra, sister of Helen and unfaithful wife of Agamemnon
  • Danaë, the mother of Perseus by Zeus
  • Deianeira, the third wife and unwitting killer of Heracles
  • Electra, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, she aided her brother Orestes in plotting revenge against their mother for the murder of their father
  • Europa, a Phoenician woman, abducted by Zeus
  • Hecuba, wife of Priam, king of Troy, and mother of nineteen of his children
  • Helen, daughter of Zeus and Leda, whose abduction brought about the Trojan War
  • Hermione, daughter of Menelaus and Helen; wife of Neoptolemus, and later Orestes
  • Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; Agamemnon sacrificed her to Artemis in order to appease the goddess
  • Ismene, sister of Antigone
  • Jocasta, mother and wife of Oedipus
  • Medea, a sorceress and wife of Jason, who killed her own children to punish Jason for his infidelity
  • Medusa, a mortal woman transformed into a hideous gorgon by Athena
  • Niobe, a daughter of Tantalus who declared herself to be superior to Leto, causing Artemis and Apollo to kill her fourteen children
  • Pandora, the first woman
  • Penelope, loyal wife of Odysseus
  • Phaedra, daughter of Minos and wife of Theseus
  • Polyxena, the youngest daughter of Priam, sacrificed to the ghost of Achilles
  • Semele, mortal mother of Dionysus

Kings

  • Abas, a king of Argos
  • Acastus, a king of Iolcus who sailed with the Argonauts and participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt
  • Acrisius, a king of Argos
  • Actaeus, first king of Attica
  • Admetus, a king of Pherae who sailed with the Argonauts and participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt
  • Adrastus, a king of Argos and one of the Seven Against Thebes
  • Aeacus, a king of the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf; after he died, he became one of the three judges of the dead in the Underworld
  • Aeëtes, a king of Colchis and father of Medea
  • Aegeus, a king of Athens and father of Theseus
  • Aegimius, a king of Thessaly and progenitor of the Dorians
  • Aegisthus, lover of Clytemnestra, with whom he plotted to murder Agamemnon and seized the kingship of Mycenae
  • Aegyptus, a king of Egypt
  • Aeson, father of Jason and rightful king of Iolcus, whose throne was usurped by his half-brother Pelias
  • Aëthlius, first king of Elis
  • Aetolus, a king of Elis
  • Agamemnon, a king of Mycenae and commander of the Greek armies during the Trojan War
  • Agasthenes, a king of Elis
  • Agenor, a king of Phoenicia
  • Alcinous, a king of Phaeacia
  • Alcmaeon, a king of Argos and one of the Epigoni
  • Aleus, a king of Tegea
  • Amphiaraus, a seer and king of Argos who participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt and the war of the Seven Against Thebes
  • Amphictyon, a king of Athens
  • Amphion and Zethus, twin sons of Zeus and kings of Thebes, who constructed the city’s walls
  • Amycus, son of Poseidon and king of the Bebryces
  • Anaxagoras, a king of Argos
  • Anchises, a king of Dardania and father of Aeneas
  • Arcesius, a king of Ithaca and father of Laertes
  • Argeus, a king of Argos
  • Argus, a son of Zeus and king of Argos after Phoroneus
  • Assaracus, a king of Dardania
  • Asterion, a king of Crete
  • Athamas, a king of Orchomenus
  • Atreus, a king of Mycenae and father of Agamemnon and Menelaus
  • Augeas, a king of Elis
  • Autesion, a king of Thebes
  • Bias, a king of Argos
  • Busiris, a king of Egypt
  • Cadmus, founder-king of Thebes
  • Car, a king of Megara
  • Catreus, a king of Crete, prophesied to die at the hands of his own son
  • Cecrops, an autochthonous king of Athens
  • Ceisus, a king of Argos
  • Celeus, a king of Eleusis
  • Cephalus, a king of Phocis who accidentally killed his own wife
  • Cepheus, a king of Ethiopia
  • Cepheus, a king of Tegea and an Argonaut
  • Charnabon, a king of the Getae
  • Cinyras, a king of Cyprus and father of Adonis
  • Codrus, a king of Athens
  • Corinthus, founder-king of Corinth
  • Cranaus, a king of Athens
  • Creon, a king of Thebes, brother of Jocasta and uncle of Oedipus
  • Creon, a king of Corinth who was hospitable towards Jason and Medea
  • Cres, an early Cretan king
  • Cresphontes, a king of Messene and descendent of Heracles
  • Cretheus, founder-king of Iolcus
  • Criasus, a king of Argos
  • Cylarabes, a king of Argos
  • Cynortas, a king of Sparta
  • Cyzicus, king of the Dolionians, mistakenly killed by the Argonauts
  • Danaus, a king of Egypt and father of the Danaides
  • Dardanus, founder-king of Dardania, and son of Zeus and Electra
  • Deiphontes, a king of Argos
  • Demophon of Athens, a king of Athens
  • Diomedes, a king of Argos and hero of the Trojan War
  • Echemus, a king of Arcadia
  • Echetus, a king of Epirus
  • Eetion, a king of Cilician Thebe and father of Andromache
  • Electryon, a king of Tiryns and Mycenae; son of Perseus and Andromeda
  • Elephenor, a king of the Abantes of Euboea
  • Eleusis, eponym and king of Eleusis, Attica
  • Epaphus, a king of Egypt and founder of Memphis, Egypt
  • Epopeus, a king of Sicyon
  • Erechtheus, a king of Athens
  • Erginus, a king of Minyean Orchomenus in Boeotia
  • Erichthonius, a king of Athens, born of Hephaestus’ attempt to rape Athena
  • Eteocles, a king of Thebes and son of Oedipus; he and his brother Polynices killed each other
  • Eteocles, son of Andreus, a king of Orchomenus
  • Eurotas, a king of Sparta
  • Eurystheus, a king of Tiryns
  • Euxantius, a king of Ceos, son of Minos and Dexithea
  • Gelanor, a king of Argos
  • Haemus, a king of Thrace
  • Helenus, seer and twin brother of Cassandra, who later became king of Epirus
  • Hippothoön, a king of Eleusis
  • Hyrieus, a king of Boeotia
  • Ilus, founder-king of Troy
  • Ixion, a king of the Lapiths who attempted to rape Hera and was bound to a flaming wheel in Tartarus
  • Laërtes, father of Odysseus and king of the Cephallenians; he sailed with the Argonauts and participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt
  • Laomedon, a king of Troy and father of Priam
  • Lycaon of Arcadia, a deceitful Arcadian king who was transformed by Zeus into a wolf
  • Lycurgus of Arcadia, a king of Arcadia
  • Lycurgus of Nemea, a king of Nemea
  • Makedon, a king of Macedon
  • Megareus of Onchestus, a king of Onchestus in Boeotia
  • Megareus of Thebes, a king of Thebes
  • Melampus, a legendary soothsayer and healer, and king of Argos
  • Melanthus, a king of Messenia
  • Memnon, a king of Ethiopia who fought on the side of Troy during the Trojan War
  • Menelaus, a king of Sparta and the husband of Helen
  • Menestheus, a king of Athens who fought on the side of the Greeks during the Trojan War
  • Midas, a king of Phrygia granted the power to turn anything to gold with a touch
  • Minos, a king of Crete; after his death, became one of the judges of the dead in the Underworld
  • Myles, a king of Laconia
  • Nestor, a king of Pylos who sailed with the Argonauts, participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt and fought with the Greek armies in the Trojan War
  • Nycteus, a king of Thebes
  • Odysseus, a hero and king of Ithaca whose adventures are the subject of Homer’s Odyssey; he also played a key role during the Trojan War
  • Oebalus, a king of Sparta
  • Oedipus, a king of Thebes fated to kill his father and marry his mother
  • Oeneus, a king of Calydon
  • Oenomaus, a king of Pisa
  • Oenopion, a king of Chios
  • Ogygus, a king of Thebes
  • Oicles, a king of Argos
  • Oileus, a king of Locris
  • Orestes, a king of Argos and a son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon; he killed his mother in revenge for her murder of his father
  • Oxyntes, a king of Athens
  • Pandion I, a king of Athens
  • Pandion II, a king of Athens
  • Peleus, king of the Myrmidons and father of Achilles; he sailed the with Argonauts and participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt
  • Pelias, a king of Iolcus and usurper of Aeson’s rightful throne
  • Pelops, a king of Pisa and founder of the House of Atreus
  • Pentheus, a king of Thebes who banned the worship of Dionysus and was torn apart by Maenads
  • Perseus, founder-king of Mycenae and slayer of the Gorgon Medusa
  • Phineus, a king of Thrace
  • Phlegyas, a king of the Lapiths
  • Phoenix, son of Agenor, founder-king of Phoenicia
  • Phoroneus, a king of Argos
  • Phyleus, a king of Elis
  • Pirithoös, king of the Lapiths and husband of Hippodamia, at whose wedding the Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs occurred
  • Pittheus, a king of Troezen and grandfather of Theseus
  • Polybus of Corinth, a king of Corinth
  • Polybus of Sicyon, a king of Sicyon and son of Hermes
  • Polybus of Thebes, a king of Thebes
  • Polynices, a king of Thebes and son of Oedipus; he and his brother Eteocles killed each other
  • Priam, king of Troy during the Trojan War
  • Proetus, a king of Argos and Tiryns
  • Pylades, a king of Phocis and friend of Orestes
  • Rhadamanthys, a king of Crete; after his death, he became a judge of the dead in the Underworld
  • Rhesus, a king of Thrace who sided with Troy in the Trojan War
  • Sarpedon, a king of Lycia and son of Zeus who fought on the side of the Greeks during the Trojan War
  • Sisyphus, a king of Thessaly who attempted to cheat death and was sentenced to an eternity of rolling a boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll back down
  • Sithon, a king of Thrace
  • Talaus, a king of Argos who sailed with the Argonauts
  • Tegyrios, a king of Thrace
  • Telamon, a king of Salamis and father of Ajax; he sailed with the Argonauts and participated in the Calydonian Boar hunt
  • Telephus, a king of Mysia and son of Heracles
  • Temenus, a king of Argos and descendent of Heracles
  • Teucer, founder-king of Salamis who fought alongside the Greeks in the Trojan War
  • Teutamides, a king of Larissa
  • Teuthras, a king of Mysia
  • Thersander, a king of Thebes and one of the Epigoni
  • Theseus, a king of Athens and slayer of the Minotaur
  • Thyestes, a king of Mycenae and brother of Atreus
  • Tisamenus, a king of Argos, Mycenae, and Sparta
  • Tyndareus, a king of Sparta

Seers

  • Amphilochus, a seer and brother of Alcmaeon who died in the war of the Seven Against Thebes
  • Anius, son of Apollo who prophesied that the Trojan War would be won in its tenth year
  • Branchus, a seer and son of Apollo
  • Calchas, an Argive seer who aided the Greeks during the Trojan War
  • Carnus, an Acarnanian seer and lover of Apollo
  • Carya, a seer and lover of Dionysus
  • Cassandra, a princess of Troy cursed to see the future but never to be believed
  • Ennomus, a Mysian seer, killed by Achilles during the Trojan War
  • Halitherses, an Ithacan seer who warned Penelope’s suitors of Odysseus’ return
  • Helenus, seer and twin brother of Cassandra, who later became king of Epirus
  • Iamus, a son of Apollo possessing the gift of prophecy, he founded the Iamidai
  • Idmon, a seer who sailed with the Argonauts
  • Manto, seer and daughter of Tiresias
  • Melampus, a legendary soothsayer and healer, and king of Argos
  • Mopsus, the name of two legendary seers
  • Polyeidos, a Corinthian seer who saved the life of Glaucus
  • Telemus, a seer who foresaw that the Cyclops Polyphemus would be blinded by Odysseus
  • Theoclymenus, an Argive seer
  • Tiresias, blind prophet of Thebes

Amazons

  • Aegea, a queen of the Amazons
  • Aella, an Amazon who was killed by Heracles
  • Alcibie, an Amazonian warrior, killed by Diomedes at Troy
  • Antandre, an Amazonian warrior, killed by Achilles at Troy
  • Antiope, a daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta
  • Areto, an Amazon
  • Asteria, an Amazon who was killed by Heracles
  • Bremusa, an Amazonian warrior, killed by Idomeneus at Troy
  • Celaeno, an Amazonian warrior, killed by Heracles
  • Eurypyle, an Amazon leader who invaded Ninus and Babylonia
  • Hippolyta, a daughter of Ares and queen of the Amazons
  • Hippothoe, an Amazonian warrior, killed by Achilles at Troy
  • Iphito, an Amazon who served under Hippolyta
  • Lampedo, an Amazon queen who ruled with her sister Marpesia
  • Marpesia, an Amazon queen who ruled with her sister Lampedo
  • Melanippe, a daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta and Antiope
  • Molpadia, an Amazon who killed Antiope
  • Myrina, a queen of the Amazons
  • Orithyia, an Amazon queen
  • Otrera, a queen of the Amazons, consort of Ares and mother of Hippolyta
  • Pantariste, an Amazon who fought with Hippolyta against Heracles
  • Penthesilea, a queen of the Amazons who fought in the Trojan War on the side of Troy
Written by The UnNovelist
The Unnovelist