Sample Words and Definitions
eloquent – speaking beautifully and forcefully; emissary – a representative of a country or group sent on a mission; eject – throw out forcefully.
egoistic – self-centered; alter ego – a higher aspect of oneself; egomania – excessive preoccupation with oneself.
into, cover with, cause
empathy – intention to feel like another person; empower – put into power; engorge – make larger.
endotherm – a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant; endocrine – relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph; endogamy – the custom to marry within one’s clan, tribe etc.
bicentennial – of or relating to an age or period of 200 years; centennial – of or relating to an age or period of 100 years; perennial -lasting through many years.
envision – to picture in the mind; enclose – lock inside; inwards – towards the inside.
on, upon, over,
epidemic – the rapid spread of something negative; epilogue – a short speech delivered after a play; epicenter – the center of an earthquake.
equidistant – an equal distance from two points; equanimity – calm temperament, evenness of temper; equation – a statement of equality.
ergonomics – study of the working environment; energy – the power to accomplish work; energetics – science that looks at energy and its transformation.
feeling, sensation, beauty
esthetician – someone who beautifies; aesthetic – pertaining to a sense of beauty; kinesthesia – the sensation of bodily movement.
ethnic – pertaining to a defined group of people; ethnocentric – focusing on the ethnicity of people; ethnology – the science of people and races.
euphemism – replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one; euphonious – having a pleasant sound; euphoria – feeling of well-being.
excavate – to dig out; exhale – to breathe out; extract – to pull out.
extraordinary – beyond ordinary; extraterrestrial – outside the Earth; extrovert – an outgoing person.
artifact – an object made by a person; factory – a place where things are made; malefact – a person who does wrong.
bear, bring, carry
confer – to bring an honor to someone; ferry – a boat that carries passengers; transfer – to move to another place.
confide – place trust in someone, fidelity – faithfulness; fiduciary – a trustee;
deflect – to bend course because of hitting something; inflection – a bending in the voice’s tone or pitch; flexible – easily bending.
florist – someone working with flowers; floral – flowerlike; flora – the plant life of a particular time or area
completely (used to intensify
forsaken or forfeited – completely lost; forgiven – completely given (a release of debt).
in front of, previous, earlier
forebear – ancestor; forebode – to give an advance warning of something bad; forecast – a preview of events to be.
fracture – a break; fragile – easy to break; fragment or fraction – a part or element of a larger whole;
flee, run away, escape
fugitive – a person who is running away; refuge – a sheltered place to flee to; refugee – a person seeking protection
defunct – no longer working or alive; function – to work or perform a role normally; malfunction – to fail to work correctly.
confusion – being flooded with too much information that is hard to make sense of; fuse – to melt by heating; infuse – to put into.
gastric – pertaining to the stomach; gastronomy – serving the stomach by providing good food; gastritis – inflammation of the stomach.
genealogy – the study of the history of a family; generation – all the people born at approximately the same time; genetic -relating to heredity encoded in the genes.
earth, soil, global
geography – study of the earth’s surface; geology – study of the structure of the earth; geoponics – soil based agriculture.
geriatrics – medicine pertaining to the elderly; gerontocracy – the rule of the elders; gerontology – the science of aging.
gigabyte – unit of computer storage space; gigahertz – unit of frequency (one billion Hz/sec); gigawatt unit of electric power (one billion watts).
decagon – a polygon with 10 angles; diagonal – a slanting line running across a space; octagon – a geometrical figure with 8 angles.
diagram – a simple drawing; grammar – rules of how to write words in sentences; telegram – a message sent by telegraph.
writing, recording, written
Graphology – the study of handwritings; autograph – written with one’s own hand; seismograph – a machine noting strength and duration of earthquakes.
gratify – to please someone; grateful – feeling thankful; gratuity – a tip, token of appreciation.
gynecology – the science of female reproductive health; gynephobia – fear of women; gynecoid – resembling a woman.
to step, to go
digression – a departure from the main issue, subject, etc.; progress – movement forward or onward; gradual – step by step.
hectoliter – 100 liters; hectare – metric unit equaling 100 ares or 10,000 square meters; hectometer – 100 meters.
helicopter – an aircraft with horizontal rotating wing; helix – a spiral form; helicon – a circular tuba.
heliotropism – movement or growth in relating to the sun; heliograph – apparatus used to send message with the help of sunlight; helianthus – genus of plants including sunflowers.
hemicycle – a semicircular structure; hemisphere – one half of the earth; hemistich – half a line of poetry.
hemorrhage – clotting of the blood; hemorrhoids – swelling of the blood vessels; hemoglobin – red blood particle.
hepatitis – inflammation of the liver; hepatoma – a tumor of the liver; hepatotoxic – toxic and damaging to the liver.
heptagon – a shape with seven angles and seven sides; Heptateuch – the first seven books of the Old Testament; heptameter – a line of verse consisting of seven metrical feet.
herbicide – any chemical used to kill unwanted plants, etc.; herbivorous – plant-eating; herbal – relating to plants.
heterogeneous – made up of unrelated parts; heteronyms – words with same spelling but different meanings; heterodox – not conforming to traditional beliefs.
hexagon – a shape with six angles/sides; hexameter – a verse measured in six; hexapod – having six legs.
histology – study of the microscopic structure of tissues; histochemistry – study of the chemical constitution of cells and tissues.
like, alike, same
homogeneous – of the same nature or kind; homonym – sounding alike; homeopath – a therapy that is based on treating "same with same"
hydrate – to add water to; hydrophobia – intense fear of water; hydroponics – growing plants in liquid nutrient solution; hydraulic – operated by force created by a liquid.
hygrometer – tool used to measure humidity; hygrograph – instrument for recording variations in atmospheric humidity.
too much, over,
hyperactive – very restless; hypercritical – too critical; hypertension – above normal pressure.
hypoglycemia – an abnormally low level of sugar in the blood; hypothermia – abnormally low body temperature; hypothesis – a theory that is unproven but used under the assumption that it is true.
geriatrics – medical care of the elderly; pediatrician – a doctor who treats children; podiatry – medical care for feet.
icon – an (often religious) image, in modern usage a simplified graphic of high symbolic content; iconology – science of symbols and icons; iconoclast – someone who destroys religious images and traditional beliefs.
peculiar, personal, distinct
idiomatic – Peculiar to a particular language; idiosyncracy – a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person; idiot – someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid.
illuminate – to give light to; innovation – a new idea, method, or device; inspection – the act of examining or reviewing.
ig, il, im,
illegal – not legal; impossible – not possible; inappropriate – not appropriate; irresponsible – not responsible.
image – a likeness of someone; imaginative – able to think up new ideas or images; imagine – to form a picture or likeness in the mind.
infrastructure – underlying framework of a system; infrared – below the regular light spectrum.
between, among, jointly
international – involving two or more countries; intersection – place where roads come together; intercept – to stop or interrupt the course of.
intrastate – existing in one state; intravenous – inside or into a vein; introvert – shy person who keeps within him/herself.
irredeemable – not redeemable; irreformable – not reformable; irrational – not rational.
isobar – a line on a map connecting points of equal barometric pressure; isometric – having equality of measure; isothermal – having equal or constant temperature.
eject – to throw someone/something out; interject – to throw a remark into a discussion; project – to cast or throw something.
judgment – a decision of a court of law; judicial – having to do with judges or courts of law; judiciary – a system of courts of law.
conjunction – a word that joins parts of sentences; disjunction – a disconnection; junction – a place where two things join.
juvenile – youthful or childish; rejuvenate – to bring back to youthful strength or appearance.